What Goes Into Determining a Skyscraper Foundation?

Skyscrapers require a variety of elements to make sure they stand without having any concerns. Although the design of the skyscraper aboveground is one of the things designers certainly focus on, the design of the skyscraper belowground is just as important, and possibly even more so. The process of designing a skyscraper foundation isn’t an easy one. Here are a few of the elements foundation designers have to consider for the world’s biggest skyscrapers.

Height of the Building

Obviously, the height of the building will play a big role in the height of the foundation. The height of the building will obviously have an impact on the size of the foundation. Think about it this way; a residential home has about a six-inch concrete mat for a foundation, but the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building, has a concrete mat that’s 12 feet deep. The height of the building may not be the only thing designers need to think about, but it’s certainly one of the most important things to think about.

Design of the Building

The building’s design itself is also something that the designer will have to take into consideration. When you look at a building like the Willis Tower in Chicago, you can notice how it looks sort of like multiple rectangles stacked on top of each other, becoming smaller as the building gets taller. The One World Trade Center in New York City is about the same height all the way through. It’s probably no surprise, then, that the foundation for the latter is 50% deeper, despite the building only being about 20% taller.

Environmental Issues

What are the environmental issues that the building might run into over time? Shanghai Tower is the second-tallest building on the planet, standing at 2,073 feet above the ground, while the Burj Khalifa is the tallest, standing at an astonishing 2,723 feet tall. However, Shanghai Tower’s foundation is over 100 feet deeper than that of the Burj Khalifa – 282 feet deep to 164 feet deep. This is at least partially because China is significantly more prone to earthquakes than the United Arab Emirates.

Soil Underneath the Building

The soil under the building is also an important thing to think about when designing the foundation. How deep does the foundation have to be so that it can anchor into bedrock? Is the soil relatively stable, or is it a sand mixture, which could shift significantly over time? This can all feed into the decision that a designer may make when deciding how deep to make the foundation and how many foundation pines to use.


The world’s largest skyscrapers typically draw on designers who are already well-versed in the world of designing skyscrapers, and that’s simply because it’s such a difficult process. As you can see, there are a lot of things these designers need to think about and neglecting even one of them could lead to a serious problem. Next time you see a skyscraper, think about its architectural marvels you can’t even see.

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10 Smart Moves That Will Increase Your Business Financial Flow

Small and medium-sized businesses fight a constant battle to have enough cash flow to meet their financial obligations and invest in those things that will help their smaller businesses turn into large ones

Because they generally lack sophisticated tools and dedicated departments for money management, there is often money left on the table from their business efforts. 

But even with fewer resources available, smaller companies can still generate and collect more revenue consistently. They only need the following roadmap to follow to get the job done.

1. Understand How Cash Flows into Your Company

The first step is to understand how your company generates cash. What are your main sources of income? How do they pay you? Is their payment terms the most beneficial to your company? If not, can the terms be adjusted to be more beneficial? If so, you can generate revenue more quickly and remember time is money. 

2. Offer Discounts for Early Payment

Offer your customers discounts on their invoices when they pay them early. This could bring money more quickly into your company. 

3. Understand How Money Flows Through Your Company

When you receive payment on an invoice, does the money get moved through your organisations efficiently? Are you paying late or taking additional employee time because of delays within your organisation? If so, remove these, and you have created the equivalent of a new revenue stream. Understanding cash flow is vital from early on.

4. Create a Sensible Expense Budget

Works with your financial person to set an expense budget for your company. Base things on where you need to get costs and see how possible it is. This might take some time but could yield great results. 

5. Go On a Cost-Cutting Spree 

Look at all of your business expenses and determine which ones can be reduced or eliminated. Put your focus on those fees that are recurring monthly, quarterly or annual expenses. Can you minimise any of them?

Have you reviewed their use recently? Look at your health and other insurance policies, for instance. Can they be adjusted? New and more cost-effective business insurance policies can be cheaper, and offer better coverage for your business. Also closely examine utilities and any subscriptions you have. Can changes in habits cut these bills?

6. Reconfigure Your Sales Department

If sales are a problem for your company, you should shake up your sales department. Consider placing them under a new manager for a short period, or you take over sales to see where the problems are. Sometimes a new face and style can create magic. 

7. Increase Online Marketing

Many companies do not realise the power of online marketing today. SEO, social media marketing, email marketing, websites and blogs can be very effective and acquiring new customers and increasing cash flow quickly.

8. Pause Spending in Non-Critical Areas

Is your company engaging in projects that are costly, yet non-critical? If you are in dire need of cash flow you should shelve any non-critical projects until your cash flow improves. This will free up extra cash for you now. 

9. Hire Temporary Workers

When you make a new hire, you must train that person which costs money and takes time. You must then assume the costs of their being an employee. Instead consider bringing on completely trained workers from an agency. They can start immediately, and you don’t have to put them on the payroll as a full-time employee. 

10. Delay payments to Your Vendors

This is an option of last resort because your vendors are so valuable. But if you must, let them know that you are going through a cash flow crunch and you need to pay them late. Tell them exactly when you can pay them and offer a small interest rate to them if you can afford it. This is not something to do often, but in a desperate situation you might have to go for it.

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Give Your Kid Some Great Childhood Memories

Being a parent is not always going to be an easy thing.

All you have to do is ask the countless parents out there how challenging it can be raising kids at times.

That said the majority of moms and dads would not trade their roles for anything in the world.

In being a parent, one thing you want to do over time is give your kid some great childhood memories.

With that thought in mind, are you succeeding when it comes to that?

What Will Your Child Remember Down the Road?

As you look to give your child some great memories for now and down the road, what will they remember?

Among some of the memories you can do your best to give them include:

1. Trips – When was the last time your crew got away and enjoyed a trip? Even if you only venture out for a day or weekend, the fun can provide some great memories for your young one or ones. An example here would be heading off to a theme park. Now, before you fret that it will cost too much money for such a thing, take some time and relax. If you do a little digging online, you can get Disneyland ticket discounts or other such savings. Before you know it, you and your family are off to a theme park of your choosing without spending a ton of dollars. Along with the businesses and approved ticket resellers online, be sure to network. Ask outside family and friends if they have found savings at theme parks and other places. Doing this can open the door to savings before long. Remember, paying for fun does not have to bankrupt you and yours.

2. Sports – Whether your kid plays youth sports or you take them to different events, the fun can be great. In the best of both worlds, your child plays some youth sports and you go as a family to watch the pros play. That said sports can provide your child with great memories for many years to come. If they play them, they can make some great friendships along the way. This not only helps them now, but also down the road when they have to work with others for a common cause or two. Second, your kid can look back one day and think about all the times they saw famous athletes and more growing up. At the end of the day, it can be a winning formula for your child.

3. Family – It is also important that your child has the opportunity to learn about his or her family as a kid. Unfortunately, some members of your family will pass on over the years. When they do, your child no longer has the ability to talk or even visit with them. Create some great memories for your child once they are old enough to remember. Time with a grandparent, aunt and uncle and more can be something your kid looks back on with fondness.

If you want to give your kid some great childhood memories, what are you waiting on?

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How to Save Your Finances by Filing Bankruptcy

Although it may sound counterintuitive, there are several situations where filing bankruptcy is the best possible choice to save your money. If you’re drowning in debts, being harassed by debtors and don’t know what to do anymore, you should consider taking this legal action.

Most people dislike the idea of bankruptcy since it feels like a dishonorable choice. However, it was created with the intention of aiding businesses and individuals who couldn’t repay their debts and wished to start with a clean state of their financial status instead of spending a significant time attempting to clear the obligations.

In the US filing for bankruptcy is much easier than other countries and the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages in most situations.

If you’re in a problematic financial situation, you might want to read the following article to get a grasp of why proceeding with bankruptcy could help you.

What Options are Available?

There are several legal proceedings you can file to start bankruptcy, each one depending on your status. Always ask for the assistance of a qualified and experienced lawyer to determine how you’re going to proceed.

One of the most sought actions by individuals is the Chapter 7 bankruptcy, also known as straight bankruptcy. With this proceeding, you’ll be able to discharge all your debts in exchange for selling some of your property and excess assets.

Yes, you will lose some of your priced items and depending on the case even property, but in exchange, you will save thousands by getting rid of debts and stop that never-ending cycle of fighting every month with debt collectors and having to cut all your expenses.

How to File for Bankruptcy

With Chapter 7 bankruptcy, you’ll have to head to court and present your case, including information about your financial situation.

It’s highly recommended that you hire a lawyer to assist you through the process and present your case at the court. The chapter 7 bankruptcy process isn’t exactly simple and will require knowledge of the legal system to get the best results.

Consequences of Bankruptcy

The crucial advantage of this process is discharging all your debts, leaving you free of obligations towards your debtors.

However, most people are scared that bankruptcy ends up with you losing all your property and assets, losing all your credits in the present and future, and leaving a bad reputation in your credit score.

The truth is that it’s only partially correct, depending on your financial status you may keep some of your property that is exempted according to local law. You will lose all your credit cards, but if you restart your finances and make a plan, you might be able to get most of them back in a year or two.

Although your credit score will suffer, if you’re already drowning in debts bankruptcy will leave you with plenty of room to grow after discharging your debts, and you’ll be able to regain most of your reputation fast enough.

Stop the Cycle of Debts

Loans, credits, mortgages, the increasing price of essential services, and over a dozen more types of debts are always concerning the minds of millions of Americans every day. Stop living month to month struggling to see which debts you’ll pay this month and which ones will only get worse.

Seek the legal advice of an experienced lawyer to find out if bankruptcy or other legal proceedings are beneficial for you and can end the cycle of debt collectors harassing you every month.

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Why a glass pool fence is safest for children

If you’ve a young family and you’re installing a pool at home, you’ll need to make sure you add a fence to keep it safe. According to the Centers for Disease Control, drowning is the number one cause of unintentional deaths in children aged 1 to 4, with around 390 deaths by drowning in a swimming pool every year.

But the difference between a three-sided fence and a four-sided fence is huge – making sure your pool is fully surrounded reduces the risk of drowning by around 80%. So it just shows why you must have a full fence if you’re adding a pool at home. And if you choose glass pool fencing, there are a number of benefits specific to families that you’ll enjoy.

Self-latching gates

Even with the best intentions, it is easy to accidentally leave a pool gate open or unlocked, rendering your fence irrelevant if your children know where the gate is. A four-sided fence does nothing if the gate is open for your child to exploit. Yet choose a modern glass pool fence and you can enjoy gates that automatically close and latch, so you never need to worry about forgetting to shut it again. It leaves you free to relax, and means your fence can do the job it was intended for.

Climb-resistant panels

A fence is no good if it’s easy for adventurous children to climb. This is one of the more common issues with wooden fences, and occasionally metal railings. Yet glass panels are designed to be resistant to climbing – their smooth surfaces offer nowhere to grip, and their edgeless design offers no way through. Your glass fence will keep the pool off limits, no matter how hard the little ones try.

No edges to get stuck in

And try they will – it might be the hardest pool fence to climb, but that won’t stop braver children from having a go. And this can sometimes, with other material fences, cause children to injure themselves – edges and joints are the perfect place for skin to get caught or fingers to get jammed, particularly damaging if the climbing child falls. Glass panels don’t have these, so even when the child does try (and fail) to scale them, they’re less likely to be hurt.

Clear view to monitor children

Ultimately, you’re going to let your children enjoy your pool, as long as they are being supervised. And no fence offers a clearer view of your family in the pool than a glass one. If you need to be outside the fence, and you’ve left younger members of the family in the waters, it’s much easier to see them and ensure they’re safe with the unobstructed views of transparent glass panels.

These are just some of the reasons why you should consider glass pool fencing when you’re installing a pool at home and you want to keep the children safe.

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New Partnership Announced for GMO Trading with Top Bundesliga Club

The European Football marketing season has begun with the announcement from GMO Trading, one of Europe’s top online CFDs trading platforms, that they have signed a regional marketing partnership agreement with Borussia Dortmund, one of the Bundesliga’s annual top teams for the upcoming 2018-19 season.

It has been reported that the eight time Bundesliga Football champs will assist in marketing the company’s advanced trading platform to fans throughout Europe outside of Germany and that the club will participate with its logo and likenesses of its players on GMO Trading’s website available here: www.gmotrading.com and their various social media channels.

GMO developed their trading platform for traders looking for a simple and secure way to trade commodities, indices and currency pairs in the more than 10,000 markets. The platform has delivered creating clients in areas throughout Europe’s biggest financial centres including the UK, Germany and Spain. They are making a huge push into the remaining European markets and this marketing partnership should provide benefits.

Although the partnership officially begins at the start of the season which is 24th August this year, marketing has already begun and it will intensify as the season nears. Borussia Dortmund will also offer club merchandise and VIP tickets to club games throughout the season.

As part of the marketing partnership, GMO Trading’s clients will have the opportunity to access a range of exclusive offers and benefits from the club, including the chance to receive VIP tickets and official Borussia Dortmund merchandise.

Keep checking back to the GMO Trading website and social media channels for further details on offers and perks.

For more information, please email Rebecca Wharmby – Rebecca.Wharmby@Threepipe.co.uk.

About GMO Trading

GMO Trading is the brand name of Royal Forex a Cyprus Investment Firm, regulated by Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission.

The platform takes pride in offering its clients an unparalleled trading environment and premium service, allowing them to access global trading arenas with great comfort and ease.

GMO Trading puts at its clients’ disposal an unrivalled variety of account options that can perfectly fit any trader’s needs. Clients benefit from advanced trading tools that provides them the possibility    to turn their trading ambitions into reality.

For more information, visit the GMO Trading website at www.gmotrading.com or vvisit its Facebook at www.facebook.com/gmotrading/.

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What You Should Do If You Have An Accident At Work

Accidents at work happen all the time and very often the consequences can be very severe for the victim, who in most cases is not at fault. This is something which I have personal experience of and two years ago I was involved in an accident involving a fork lift truck, which had not been stored away properly. During this difficult time I was thankful to be able to count on the wonderful legal team at the Dolan law firm, who managed to bring about some justice for me.

Naturally you will hope that you are never involved in an accident in the workplace, but it is worth being prepared and knowing what to do, should anything happen in the future.

Assess the Injury

Naturally your first step will be to review the damage and seek medical assistance if needed. All workplaces are obligated to have a first aid kit on site and if it is more serious, you should seek medical attention at the nearest hospital.

Reporting the Injury

Under employment law, all businesses are required to have an accident log and you must fill this in at your earliest possible convenience. The reason why it is better to do this as soon as possible is so that you can give a lengthy account about what happened, without forgetting any details. If anyone witnessed the accident take place, you should ask for them to add their version of events to the accident log, in order to get a fuller picture of what took place.

Taking Evidence

Another supporting piece of information which you will need is some photos or video of the accident taking place. The best case scenario here is that there was a security camera that recorded the accident, if this is the case then speak with the security team or manager, to set aside this piece of evidence.

Track Symptoms

Not all injuries are apparent straight away and especially not in the case of concussion or whiplash, popular problems after a slip or trip. In order to give an accurate representation of what you are suffering, it is important that you track your symptoms for the following weeks after your accident has taken place.

Financial Tracking

If you’re forced to pay out for anything after your accident such as medical supplies or hospital fees, make sure that you have a not of how much this cost. Conversely, if you lose any money as a result of your accident such as loss of income, you should also track how much you have lost in the days and weeks after your accident.

Lawyer Up

Finally you should make sure that you consult a legal team that deals specifically with personal injury claims. Making a claim against your employer is not just about claiming compensation for what you have lost, but also to ensure that protocols are put in place so that the same thing doesn’t happen to anyone else in the future.

Let’s hope it doesn’t happen to you, but you should be sure that you know what to do if it does.

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How To Take Advantage of Marijuana Stocks

As day traders delve into marijuana stocks, the ways of their training can be very valuable in assessing the potential value and long term options of these companies. The long term is clear, as this article will discuss. Marijuana companies will continue to grow and thrive in the new world. Regulations will fall away and more people will become comfortable with the notion of investing in these companies. But, before that, the volatility will be paramount, which means day traders will thrive.

 Legalization is coming, no doubt. Probably sooner rather than later. There are no limits on where marijuana stocks can go in the next few years. There will be a legitimate growth period in marijuana stocks, much different from the current speculative bubble that is consuming all the oxygen around Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies right now. The ancillary cannabis industries along with the new growers will make the sector a very attractive one for investors as we move forward.

Marijuana stocks should be very attractive to day traders, precisely because it is so early in the industry. A wild west like atmosphere prevails which makes it likely that marijuana stocks are going to be besotted with volatility from the uncertain regulatory environment and the anxieties of investors dealing with the stocks. That is a haven for day traders.

Day traders thrive on volatility. That is where they make their money. And there is money to be made in the market of marijuana stocks. The stability for these companies exist in states like Colorado and California, where the legalization train is already out of the station, but other state economies for cannabis are less stable. Which means that companies that do business in those states can be subject to more intense price swings in their shares. That is where skilled day traders can swoop in to make money.

Whether you are in the market for long-term marijuana stock holding or you want to jump on the cannabis day trading train, the opportunities are there. Make your are ready to make the most of them. That involves getting better at day trading through day trading education classes. That means taking the time to learn strategies and techniques that will allow you to take advantage of the market as it is. That means spending time in a chat room, swapping tips about marijuana stocks with other aspiring day traders, learning the nuances of the industry.

One area of the cannabis industry that merits attention is the proliferation of CBD products. CBD is an extract of the hemp plant that has pain relieving properties and anxiety reducing elements of marijuana, without the THC. The THC element is psychoactive, which is what causes users to get high. When you eliminate that aspect of cannabis ingestion, it becomes much more likely for the product to be legal in all 50 states. Which expands the potential markets. Which means that a company that makes and sells CBD products are more likely to be of interest to investors.

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How Drivers Can Tell if They Are Properly Being Compensated After a Truck Accident

Drivers who get into a car accident with another driver often know exactly what to do and what courses of legal action are available. After exchanging insurance information, its easy for them to get on with day to day life. For drivers who are involved in an accident with a truck, it can be hard to know exactly how to proceed, especially if a serious accident has life changing ramifications. There are many factors that are involved in getting full compensation for the injuries sustained in a truck accident and the subsequent costs. Here are some guidelines for drivers who have been in a truck accident and want to know if they are receiving all of the compensation they are entitled to receive from the experienced attorneys at Fisher & Talwar.

Are All Responsible Parties Paying Compensation?

Unlike a car accident, where the other driver is the only one who may be found responsible, there are multiple parties that can be legally held responsible in the case of a truck accident. In addition to the actual driver who was in the truck when the accident occurred, liability can also extend to his or her employer. Trucking laws are strict and employers who allow employees to break those laws can be held liable alongside the driver. If a separate person or company owns the truck, they may also be responsible for paying compensation. In addition, if the accident was caused by some type of design flaw or hardware malfunction, the manufacturer of the truck might also be held liable. These manufacturers are often multimillion dollar companies who can afford to pay legal compensation.

Are All Costs Being Covered?

Even if a driver is receiving compensation from all responsible parties, they may not be getting all the money they are entitled to receive. Medical bills are not the only kind of expenses that the law requires responsible parties to cover. Drivers who suffer losses in an accident can also be entitled to compensation for any therapy or rehabilitation and any missed earnings due to inability to work after the accident. If the inability to work goes on for a long time, there might be a need for compensation due to long term disability. The emotional ramifications of being in a serious accident can be just as serious as the physical, and a driver can be compensated for mental health treatment, emotional distress and inability to enjoy day to day life after the accident.

Drivers who have been in a serious accident with a truck should act quickly, as the statute of limitations in California limits the ability to make claims after two years has passed. It is vital to act within a certain timeframe to receive all the compensation legally owed by everyone who is legally liable. A good truck accident attorney can help with pursuing legal action until a driver has received all of the legal compensation he or she is owed.

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4 Marketing Strategies Your Business Should Be Using

As a business owner it can be difficult to decide upon where you should be investing your money and it is of course important, that each cent which is spent is heavily scrutinised. All investments or purchases should be done with the idea to further push the company towards growth and higher sales and one of the best ways of doing that is with marketing.

It is no surprise that one of the biggest reasons for the failure of a company in today’s world, comes down to the fact that they refused to invest money in marketing and this should serve as a cautionary tale for any business owner. Marketing is the best way for your company to grow and succeed and here are 4 of the most vital strategies which your business should be using.

Trade Shows

Trade shows provide you and your business with a fantastic opportunity to show off its products and services. Within these shows you will be competing with other businesses to show off who you are and what you do and it is vital that you put in the preparation work that is required to really wow people at the shows. Companies such as ExpoMarketing can help to provide you with unique and custom designed displays which can really help you stand out in a  trade show. Get your display right, perfect your pitch and you could see a real boost in the amount of sales which your company is making.

Social Media Marketing

With so many millions of people using social media everyday, this is a crucial area for you to market your product and your business. Here you have two choices, to either invest in ad campaigns which promote your business throughout the social media world, or you use your social media profile as a free marketing tool which helps you connect with a wide range of new and existing customers. Social media gives you the chance to promote your business and most importantly, to interact with your customers directly.


This digital marketing strategy aims to get your business on to the first page of the search engines when customers search for keywords that relate to your business. Consumers rarely look past the first page of search results which is why it is so important that you invest in this strategy. SEO can help you to grow your brand, sell more products and you can also use it to stay one step ahead of your competition.

Promotional Marketing

At its core, promotional marketing is about giving something away at a reduced price, to encourage people to spend their money with you. The internet age has made this easier than ever and you can offer something as simple as a voucher code on a popular couponing site, which customers can redeem at your business. The idea is that you lose a little money to entice the customer in, wow them with your products to motivate them to come back and pay full price next time.

There are many more marketing strategies which you could use, but these are the most important.

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